Paramhansa Yogananda was one of the most significant spiritual teachers of the twentieth century. His Autobiography of a Yogi, published in 1946 and printed in more than 20 languages, has touched the hearts of millions and remains the bestselling spiritual autobiography of all time. Great teachers work through their students, and Yogananda was no exception. Kriyananda reads in the introduction to the present volume, “After I’d been with him a year and a half, he began urging me to write down the things he was saying during informal conversations.” The Essence of Self-Realization, nearly 300 sayings rich with spiritual wisdom, is the fruit of that labor of love. It offers as complete an explanation of life’s true purpose, and of the way to achieve that purpose, as may be found anywhere.

From the Audio Book

“Live in this world as a guest. This world is not your true home. The deed to the house you live in may be written in your name, but whose was it before you acquired it? And whose will it be after you die? It is only a wayside inn, a brief halt on the long journey to your home in God.”

Self-realization is the knowing in all parts of body, mind, and soul that you are now in possession of the kingdom of God; that you do not have to pray that it come to you: that God’s omnipresence is you omnipresence; and that all that you need to do is improve your knowing.”

About the Editor

Swami Kriyananda, a direct disciple of Paramhansa Yogananda, is widely considered one of the world’s foremost experts on spiritual practice, meditation, and yoga. He has written nearly 100 books — including interpretations of the Bible and Bhagavad Gita — which have been translated into more than 30 languages. In 1968 he founded Ananda Village, which over the past 40 years has become one of the most successful intentional spiritual communities in existence. Today, Ananda includes retreats and teaching centers on three continents, seven cooperative spiritual communities, and over 100 meditation groups worldwide.

Paramhansa Yogananda

Paramhansa Yogananda (often spelled "Paramahansa" Yogananda) was born on January 5, 1893 in Gorakhpur, India. He was the first yoga master of India to permanently live and teach in the West. Yogananda arrived in America in 1920, and traveled throughout the United States on what he called his "spiritual campaigns." His enthusiastic audiences filled the largest halls in America. Hundreds of thousands came to see the yogi from India. At some packed venues thousands were turned away nightly. A national sensation, Yogananda's lectures and books were extensively written about by the major media of the era, including Time magazine, Newsweek, and Life. He was even invited to the White House by President Calvin Coolidge. Yogananda continued to lecture and write up to his passing in 1952.

Yogananda's initial impact was truly impressive. But his lasting impact has been even greater. Yogananda's Autobiography of a Yogi, first published in 1946, helped launch a spiritual revolution throughout the world. His message was nonsectarian and universal. Yogananda's Guru, Swami Sri Yukteswar, sent him to the West with the admonition, "The West is high in material attainments, but lacking in spiritual understanding. It is God's will that you play a role in teaching mankind the value of balancing the material with an inner, spiritual life."

Yogananda brought clarity to hundreds of thousands of people regarding the ancient teachings of India—previously shrouded in the cultural assumptions and terminology of an era long past. These teachings include the path of Kriya Yoga, which Yogananda called the "jet-airplane" route to God, consisting of ancient yoga techniques to hasten the spiritual evolution of the student.

"The true basis of religion is not belief, but intuitive experience. Intuition is the soul's power of knowing God. To know what religion is really all about, one must know God," said Paramhansa Yogananda, as recorded in the book The Essence of Self-Realization. He further wrote that "Self-realization is the knowing in all parts of body, mind, and soul that you are now in possession of the kingdom of God; that you do not have to pray that it come to you; that God's omnipresence is your omnipresence; and that all that you need to do is improve your knowing."

Visit the Paramhansa Yogananda website to learn more.

Swami Kriyananda

Swami Kriyananda (J. Donald Walters, 1926–2013) was a direct disciple of the great spiritual master Paramhansa Yogananda (author of the classic Autobiography of a Yogi), a bestselling author, and an internationally known lecturer and composer. Widely recognized as one of the world's foremost authorities on meditation and yoga, he taught these principles and techniques to hundreds of thousands of students around the world.

In 1968 Kriyananda founded Ananda Village in Nevada City, California, dedicated to spreading the spirit of friendship, service, and community around the globe. Ananda is recognized as one of the most successful intentional communities in the world, and more than 1,000 people reside in Ananda communities in the US, India, and Italy. The European retreat and community located in Assisi, Italy, also serves Ananda meditation groups in Europe and Russia.

Ananda Village is home to The Expanding Light, a world-renowned guest retreat facility where thousands visit annually for renewal or instruction in many aspects of meditation, yoga, and the spiritual life. The nearby Ananda Meditation Retreat, located on Ananda's first property, functions both as a retreat and as the site for Ananda's Institute of Alternative Living.

An advocate of simple living and high thinking, Swami Kriyananda's more than 140 books cover a wide range of subjects emphasizing the need to live wisely by one's own experience of life, and not by abstract theories or dogmas.

A composer since 1964, Kriyananda wrote over 400 musical works. His music is inspiring, soothing, and uplifting. Many of his later albums are instrumental works with brief affirmations or visualizations. Chuck Dilberto of Awareness Magazine wrote, “[His] words and music are full of his life and light. His sole intention is to heal, something we could all use during these chaotic times.”

Through Crystal Clarity Publishers, his works have sold over 3 million copies worldwide and have been translated into more than 25 languages.

To learn more, visit the Swami Kriyananda website.


Editorial Note

1. The Folly of Materialism

2. The True Purpose of Life

3. The Dream Nature of the Universe

4. The Soul and God

5. One God, One Religion

6. The Law of Life

7. Sin Is Ignorance

8. The Law of Karma

9. The Lesson of Reincarnation

10. Working Out Karma

11. Grace vs. Self-Effort

12. The Need for Yoga

13. The Highway to the Infinite

14. The Need for a Guru

15. The Disciple’s Part

16. Ways in Which God Can Be Worshiped

17. How to Pray Effectively

18. On Meditation

19. General Counsel

20. Self-Realization


About the Author

About the Editor

Further Explorations

I lived with Paramhansa Yogananda as a disciple for the last three and a half years of his life. After I’d been with him a year and a half, he began urging me to write down things that he was saying during informal conversations. We were at his desert retreat, where he was completing his commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita.

At first, I found myself in some difficulty. I knew no shorthand, and my handwriting was daunting to read, even for me. The Master, however, true to his own teaching that one should concentrate on light instead of on darkness, paid no attention to such insignificant handicaps. He kept on urging me.

“I don’t often speak from a level of gyana [impersonal wisdom],” he said. His nature usually found expression in divine love.

My enthusiasm grew as I realized that nowhere else had I ever read or heard teachings so profound, so clear, and so convincing.

“Write that down!” he would call out to me over the years that followed, during conversations with the monks or with visitors. Sometimes, in explanation, he would add, “I’ve never said that before.”

My penmanship being what it was, I could never hope to keep up with him. As weeks passed, however, I discovered that he had bestowed on me an extraordinary blessing. I was able to hear his voice afterward, as if speaking the words in my mind as I wrote them down. So remarkable was his blessing that, years later in India, I was able to verify my memoryof words, and even of whole sentences, that he’d uttered in Hindi or Bengali, both of which languages were unknown to me when he was alive.

Even today, the memory of his words and of his voice rings clearly in my mind, rich with wisdom, divine love, and the fullness of spiritual power—frequently combined with a delightful sense of humor. His conversations were sprinkled with anecdotes; they sparkled with metaphors, and contained the deepest insight into all levels of reality, human and divine, that I have ever had the great blessing to encounter.

Swami Kriyananda
Ananda World Brotherhood Village
Nevada City, California

Chapter Twelve
The Need for Yoga


A visitor: “What is yoga?”

Paramhansa Yogananda: “Yoga means union. Etymologically, it is connected to the English word, yoke. Yoga means union with God, or, union of the little, ego-self with the divine Self, the infinite Spirit.

“Most people in the West, and also many in India, confuse yoga with Hatha Yoga, the system of bodily postures. But yoga is primarily a spiritual discipline.

“I don’t mean to belittle the yoga postures. Hatha Yoga is a wonderful system. The body, moreover, is a part of our human nature, and must be kept fit lest it obstruct our spiritual efforts. Devotees, however, who are bent on finding God give less importance to the yoga postures. Nor is it strictly necessary that they practice them.

“Hatha Yoga is the physical branch of Raja Yoga, the true science of yoga. Raja Yoga is a system of meditation techniques that help to harmonize human consciousness with the divine consciousness.

“Yoga is an art as well as a science. It is a science, because it offers practical methods for controlling body and mind, thereby making deep meditation possible. And it is an art, for unless it is practiced intuitively and sensitively it will yield only superficial results.

“Yoga is not a system of beliefs. It takes into account the influence on each other of body and mind, and brings them into mutual harmony. So often, for instance, the mind cannot concentrate simply because of tension or illness in the body, which prevent the energy from flowing to the brain. So often, too, the energy in the body is weakened because the will is dispirited, or paralyzed by harmful emotions.

“Yoga works primarily with the energy in the body, through the science of pranayama, or energy-control. Prana means also ‘breath.’ Yoga teaches how, through breath-control, to still the mind and attain higher states of awareness.

“The higher teachings of yoga take one beyond techniques, and show the yogi, or yoga practitioner, how to direct his concentration in such a way as not only to harmonize human with divine consciousness, but to merge his consciousness in the Infinite.

“Yoga is a very ancient science; it is thousands of years old. The perceptions derived from its practice form the backbone of the greatness of India, which for centuries has been legendary. The truths espoused in the yoga teachings, however, are not limited to India, nor to those who consciously practice yoga techniques. Many saints of other religions also, including many Christian saints, have discovered aspects of the spiritual path that are intrinsic to the teachings of yoga.

“A number of them were what Indians, too, would accept as great yogis.

“They had raised their energy from body-attachment to soul-identity.

“They had discovered the secret of directing the heart’s feeling upward in devotion to the brain, instead of letting it spill outward in restless emotions.

“They had discovered the portal of divine vision at the point between the eyebrows, through which the soul passes to merge in Christ consciousness.

“They had discovered the secrets of breathlessness, and how in breathlessness the soul can soar to the spiritual heights.

“They had discovered the state which some of them called mystical marriage, where the soul merges with God and becomes one with Him.

“Yoga completes the biblical teaching on how one should love God: with heart, mind, soul—and strength. For strength means energy.

“The ordinary person’s energy is locked in his body. The lack of availability of that energy to his will prevents him from loving the Lord one-pointedly with any of the three other aspects of his nature: heart, mind, or soul. Only when the energy can be withdrawn from the body and directed upward in deep meditation is true inner communion possible.”


“With a strong lens the sun’s rays, focused through it, can ignite wood. Yoga practice, similarly, so concentrates the mind that the curtain of doubt and uncertainty is burned away, and the light of inner truth becomes manifest.”


An adherent of another spiritual teaching objected that yoga practice would distract her from the exercise of devotion. “I want to be mad with love for God!” she cried. “The practice of techniques for finding Him is offensive to me. It seems so mechanical.”

“So it can be, certainly,” agreed the Master. “But it would be a mistake to practice yoga mechanically.

“A danger on the path of devotion is emotionalism. If one keeps blowing on a candle, how will it burn steadily? Similarly, if you keep stirring up your heart’s feelings, you may become intoxicated emotionally, but how will you experience the deeper ‘intoxication’ of divine bliss?

“The Lord comes not in outward noise, nor when the mind is agitated, but in inner silence. His very being is silence. In silence He speaks to the soul.

“I do not mean it isn’t good to cry for God, to shed tears of love for Him. But intense feeling, if expressed too much outwardly, soon exhausts itself.

“After singing to the Beloved and crying for Him to come, it is important that you rein in those awakened feelings, and channel them upward in the calmness of deep inner communion.

“The feelings experienced when the heart is restless are like a storm in a thimble compared to the oceanic love that bursts upon the soul when the heart is calm. If you grasp the bud of devotion too tightly, it won’t be able to open its petals and spread them to receive the sun-rays of God’s love. Only when you relax your heart’s feelings can you channel them upward. And only then will they expand to embrace Infinity.

“Reflect: When talking to someone, isn’t it normal to want also to hear his response? After praying and singing to God, then, why not listen for His answer in your soul? Meditation is that process of listening. Meditation is making yourself receptive to His silent inspirations within.

“The essence of yoga is the silence and receptivity that the practice of the techniques induces in the mind.

“So, be mad for God, yes, but more and more let that madness itself come from Him! Be intoxicated not with your own feelings, but with His rapture in your soul.”


“Love for God should not be an outward show. To display to others your deep love for Him is a desecration of that most sacred of all relationships. Your love must be directed inward.

“This is why yoga practice is so important. It helps to direct one’s feelings along the inner path which leads to Him.

“There was a famous woman saint in India named Mira. She was a bhakta, or devotee, who spent all her time singing to God. Mira was a saint, truly. But her husband was spiritually greater than she. She didn’t even realize that he was spiritual, for he never spoke of God. And so it happened that, all the while he was in deep inner communion with the Lord, Mira kept praying for his conversion! It seemed to her that this was the only thing lacking in her life.

“One night, as they lay in bed together, she heard him cry to God in his sleep, ‘My Infinite Beloved! Oh, when will You come and relieve the pangs of longing in my heart?’

“The following morning Mira addressed him joyfully, ‘I’ve found you out!’

“‘Don’t say it!’ he begged her earnestly.

“‘Oh, you can’t fool me any more! I realize now what a great devotee you are.’

“‘I am so sorry you said that,’ he replied. ‘For now I must leave you. Long ago I made a promise to God that if anyone ever learned of my love for Him, I would leave this world.’ He sat on the floor forthwith in the lotus pose, and left his body.”


A student: “Why is concentration necessary?”

Yogananda: “Concentration is the key to success in everything. Even the businessman must be able to concentrate, or he won’t achieve success in his worldly affairs.

“If you are talking with someone, and his eyes wander about the room and he keeps on fidgeting restlessly, won’t you feel that he isn’t really listening to you? After some time you may lose interest in further conversation with him.

“Don’t expect, then, to win God’s response until you can sit still and hold your mind open and attentive to His presence within.”


A newcomer to the Self-Realization Fellowship church in Hollywood asked Paramhansa Yogananda, “Why are techniques necessary for developing concentration? Can’t a person simply flow with the inspiration he feels when he prays?”

“A violinist may feel inspiration,” Yogananda replied, “but if he doesn’t learn techniques that have been developed through the experience of great musicians, he will never become more than an inspired amateur. Yoga techniques, in the same way, are necessary to help you to plumb the inner silence.”


“Master,” lamented a disciple, “I have such difficulty in concentrating! I am faithful to my practice of the yoga techniques, but I never seem to get anywhere with them.”

“Mechanical practice is not enough,” the Master replied. “There must also be sincere interest in what you are doing. You must deepen your devotion.

“Just observe people at the movies. Don’t they become yogis? See how still they sit during the suspenseful parts; how engrossed they are in the plot as it unfolds. All that absorption, simply because their interest has been aroused!

“Meditate in that way.

“Once you’ve convinced your mind that you really want to meet God in the inner silence, it will be easy for you to sit still and to meditate deeply.”


To the disciples, Yogananda often said, “Be patient in your yoga practice. A plant won’t grow the moment you plant the seed. ‘Make haste slowly,’ as the saying goes. It may take time to achieve the results you long for, but the more you practice, the more you will see your life changing.

“The day will dawn at last when you won’t even recognize yourself as the person you were.”


“What happens,” someone asked, “to those who try to reach God without the benefit of yoga techniques?”

“A few of them are successful,” the Master replied, “if they came into this life with strong spiritual karma from the past. The great majority, however, even if they start out on the path with enthusiasm, gradually become discouraged.

“‘Where is that God,’ they ask finally, ‘to Whom I’ve been praying all these years?’ They attain a little inner peace, but over the years their prayers become increasingly a matter of habit, less one of inspiration.

“Rarely, in the West, have the centuries seen such great saints as there have been in India.”

This is a book of sayings by my Guru, taken from my substantial collection of his sayings, most of which I recorded personally. I selected those sayings, or portions of them, which would go with the title of the book.

This is among my most popular, widely read, and widely translated books.

“A wonderful book! To find a previously unknown message from Yogananda now is an extraordinary spiritual gift. Open up at random for an encouraging word from one of [the twentieth] century’s most beloved spiritual teachers.”

Body, Mind, Spirit magazine

“Paramhansa Yogananda’s spiritual wisdom and love of humanity is brought brilliantly to life by his student, Kriyananda. Nearly 300 of Yogananda’s inspiring sayings, which offer insights into Life’s true purpose and the means for achieving that purpose. Great for early morning or evening meditations.”

Arizona Networking News

“Highly recommended.”

Inner Peace Prosperity Newsletter

“After many years, this fine collection has been compiled and made available to bless and inspire devotees and first-time readers of the master’s words. This book can be enjoyed when read from cover to cover, as the reader will want to do, and have at hand for occasions of guidance and inspiration.”

Truth Journal

“Happily for us, Swami Kriyananda wrote down in his journals practically everything beautiful and wise that his guru, Paramhansa Yogananda, said to him in private conversation. The Essence of Self-Realization, a compilation of many of these private teachings, gives us an idea of what it was like to speak with an enlightened master on a variety of spiritual topics. Yogananda didn’t go in-depth into these things with every disciple. He tried to encourage many to develop a silent, inner attunement. But he foresaw that Kriyananda would share what he learned with many thousands of people, so he blessed him with these pearls of wisdom. This is a book that should be read and digested slowly. Take your time, read a little bit, and meditate on it. There is a great deal here to absorb.”

Richard Salva, author of Walking with William of Normandy: A Paramhansa Yogananda Pilgrimage Guide and Blessed Lanfranc: The Past Life of Swami Sri Yukteswar, Guru of Paramhansa Yogananda

“Beautifully clear, profound . . . .”

Willis Harman, President, Institute of Noetic Sciences, author of Global Mind Change